India is a land of diverse cultures and ethnicities and this is also reflected in its cuisine. It is home to more than one billion people with 800 recognised dialects. Indians practice several religions and have their own exclusive style of cooking. Over the centuries, Indian cuisine has been influenced by the Arab and Chinese traders and conquerors such as the Persians, Mongolians, Turks, British and Portuguese.
By 3000 B.C., turmeric, cardamom, pepper and mustard were harvested in India. Rice was domesticated in the Ganges delta around the same period. The thread that weaves India’s diverse cuisine together is the abundance of aromatic and flavourful spices. Indian cuisine is gaining popularity all around the globe. It has time and again enthralled outsiders with its rich nature. The cuisine of India is not only a form of food but also a work of art.
Cuisines in India
The delicious and exotic dishes of India are marked by the subtle uses of spices and herbs. Indian cuisines vary widely from region to region. The style of cooking, flavours and their specialties change with the landscapes. Most of Indian cuisines are vegetarian but the Indians also love non-vegetarian delicacies cooked out of fish, lamb, goat, chicken and other meats. Food has always been important to the culture of India.
North Indian Cuisine /> The North Indian cuisines are distinctly marked by Persian influence. Spices are added generously to the dishes prepared in this part of India. Some of the delectable delicacies of North India are briyanis, kormas, koftas, kebabs, rajma-chawal, makki ki roti, sarson ka saag, shahi tukda, tandoori chicken, shami kebabs, shahi paneer, dal makhni, naan and the most popular chicken tikka Masala.
South Indian Cuisine /> Rice is the main ingredient of the dishes in this part of the country. Idli, dosa, sambhar, vada and uttapam are some of the mouth watering delicacies of South India. Apart from these, spicy curries rule the tables of South India. The South Indians like adding chillies, coconut oil, tamarind, mustard and spicy seeds to create some of the most delicious delicacies of this world.
East Indian Cuisine /> Sweet dishes rule the culinary section of this part of India. Some of the tastiest desserts available here are sandesh, rosogolla, chhena poda, chumchum, goja, and kheeri. Apart from the sweets, you can also taste a wide range of delectable culinary delights.
West Indian Cuisine /> The western part of India is famous for its bhel puris, dhoklas, vindaloo and dal batti choorma. Among the sweet delights, shrikhand finds itself to be on top of the list. Khandvi, ghevar, mawa misri, nawab biryani, dahi keema samosa, gujarati kadhi, besan ka cheela and Goan fish curry are the other famous West Indian cuisines.